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Handsworth Secondary School: Citing Sources

Citation Style Guides

At Handsworth Secondary, we use.. 

MLA for English, Modern Languages, and FRAL.

APA is used for Psychology and Science Courses.

Sample APA References Page

In-Text Referencing APA Style

Below are THREE examples of APA in-text referencing for quotes. The format used depends on how you are using the quote in your writing.

Paraphrasing also requires an in-text citation if you are summarizing another's words into your own.

1. Murphy (2012, p. 119) stated that 'there is a book out there for everyone'.

2. 'I believe that there is a book out there for everyone' (Murphy 2012, p. 119).

3. Murphy was a firm believer that there was a book for everyone (Murphy 2012, p. 119).

Click here  for further online writing style guides for OWL Purdue


In-Text Referencing MLA Style

Below are two. examples of MLA style in-text referencing for quotes. The format used depends on how you are using the quote in your writing.

Murphy stated that "there is a book out there for everyone" (119).


"I believe that there is a book out there for everyone" (Murphy 119). 

Why Bother to Cite Your Sources?

Citing the sources you use when writing any paper is all about giving credit where credit is due. Using the words and ideas of other people without giving them credit is plagiarism and is considered academic misconduct. Students who are caught plagiarizing will face disciplinary consequences according to their institution's policies.

Learning to cite your sources isn't just about avoiding consequences, it's about developing adacemic integrity, a quality that will benefit you in every aspect of your education.

Further information below:

You Quote It You Note It!

SFU Online Plagiarism Tutorial Canvas

"One important difference between academic writing and other genres of writing is the importance of indicating the sources where words and ideas were borrowed from. No one expects a poet to footnote a poem to indicate where they found the words and metaphors. In fact, part of the enjoyment of 'decoding' a poem is figuring out what the poet is alluding to.

But in academic writing it is vital that the writer clearly identifies the source of words and ideas. In the culture of academic writing, originality is paramount -- in other words, is that your own idea, or is it an idea you found somewhere else? Identifying sources is so important in the culture of academic writing that to not identify your sources is considered a 'crime': the crime of plagiarism."  - From Introduction: Understanding and Avoiding Plagiarism



Online bibliographic tools are only TOOLS - they help to organize and keep track of your sources.

However, they are NOT always correct and you must be sure to proofread your list of sources and ensure that you are following the correct citation format.

Below are links to sites that provide template samples you can use to proofread effectively.

Handsworth's Plagiarism Policy

Please see your Handsworth Agenda book for Handsworth's policies regarding Academic Dishonesty.

Copyright Infringement Awareness

**NOTICE how many things have been copied!