Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Argyle Secondary School Library Digital Learning Commons: Truth and Reconciliation Day

We Won't Forget You

This song was written, recorded, and filmed with students from Sk'elep School of Excellence in Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc, Kamloops, British Columbia.

You can support the artists by listening to the track on Apple Music or purchasing in the iTunes Store.

Meet Phyllis Webstad

The wearing of Orange Shirts was inspired by the personal story of Phyllis Webstad. 

To learn more about Phyllis, read her story in her own words.

You can also learn more in this video and listen to this radio interview.

 

Indian Residential Schools Crisis Line

The Indian Residential Schools Crisis Line is available 24-hours a day for anyone experiencing pain or distress as a result of his or her residential school experience.

1-866-925-4419

Coursera - Indigenous Canada

Education is one of the most powerful ways to move forward towards Reconciliation. Several Canadian universities offer free online courses, available to anyone, that explore Indigenous histories and contemporary issues in Canada.

 

Indigenous Canada

This 12-lesson course from the Faculty of Native Studies is offered from an Indigenous perspective, and explores key issues facing Indigenous peoples today from a historical and critical perspective highlighting national and local Indigenous-settler relations. Click to access.

Aboriginal Worldviews

This course explores indigenous ways of knowing and covers topics including historical, social, and political issues connected to cultural, spiritual and philosophical themes in Aboriginal worldviews. Click to access.

Other resources

Visit this Argyle LibGuide to see resources we have in our collection.

September 30, 2021 marks the first National Day for Truth and Reconciliation. 

The day honours the lost children and Survivors of residential schools, their families and communities. Public commemoration of the tragic and painful history and ongoing impacts of residential schools is a vital component of the reconciliation process. 

The creation of this federal statutory holiday was through legislative amendments made by Parliament on June 3, 2021.

Begin your learning journey today on the path towards truth and reconciliation.

What were Residential Schools?

Residential schools were a network of boarding schools for Indigenous peoples, funded by the Canadian government's Department of Indian Affairs and operated and administered by Christian churches. 

Using the familiar idea of the school system, rather than education, the purpose of the residential school network was a systemic effort to remove Indigenous children from the influence of their own culture and to force assimilation into the dominant Canadian culture.

Over the course of the system's more than hundred-year existence, about 30 percent of Indigenous children (around 150,000) were placed in residential schools nationally. During the residential school era it is estimated that 6,000 children died while attending these schools. There are approximately 80,000 survivors of these schools alive today.

Indian residential schools operated across Canada between 1831 and 1996. The earliest recognized and longest running residential school was the Mohawk Institute in Brantford, Ontario (1831–1962). The last federally run residential school to close was Gordon’s School in Punnichy, Saskatchewan, which closed in 1996.

It wasn't until the release in 2015 of the report of Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada and its 94 calls for action for reconciliation that the details of this brutal and horrifying part of Canada’s history began to be recognized by Canadians. The TRC report concluded that the residential school system amounted to cultural genocide.

Orange Shirt Day focuses our attention on this shameful historical legacy, but perhaps even more importantly, it offers an opportunity to celebrate the resilience and bravery of the survivors and their families. By telling their stories and offering the generosity of a path to reconciliation, a better future is offered for all Canadians.

Go Forward With Courage

In May 2021, the buried remains of 215 children, some as young as three years old, were found at the school site of the former Kamloops Indian Residential School. The Tk’emlúps te Secwépemc First Nation had long believed there were unmarked graves at the school, but their voices had gone ignored.

The National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation has so far officially documented 51 students who died at the school. The remains found confirm the long-held belief that the true number was much higher. For years, residential school survivors and their families shared lived experiences of loved ones who went missing. Some students stated they witnessed the death and murder of children at residential schools. Many parents were never notified of their child’s passing, nor were they told where their children were.

The Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) was the first time questions surrounding missing children were given a serious hearing, believed, and listened to. The students who did not return have come to be known as the Missing Children. The Missing Children Project documents the deaths and the burial places of children who died while attending the schools. To date, more than 4,177 children who died while attending a residential school have been identified.  

Resources

Videos

Towards Reconciliation

                                                                                                             

The Indian Residential School Survivors Society is a provincial organization working to provide services to Indian Residential School survivors. They suggest the following actions anyone can take to make a step towards Reconciliation.

  • Learn about the impacts of the Indian Residential School system

  • Read the Truth and Reconciliation Commissions's 94 recommendations

  • Contact your MPs and local officials

  • Actively listen to people of First Nations, Inuit and Métis backgrounds

  • Stand up to stereotypes, prejudice and systemic racism

  • Have conversations with your family and friends (even children)

  • Be respectful towards trauma survivors and elders

  • Support Indigenous-led community organizations

  • Be patient, empathetic & receptive (it's distressing for everyone)

  • Raise awareness in your community/online (wear orange)