When you quote directly from a source, enclose the words in quotation marks and add the page number to the in-text citation. There are two basic formats which can be used.:
1. When you DO NOT MENTION the author's name in the sentence, the author's name, the year of publication, and the page number are placed in parenthesis at the end of the sentence, separated by commas.
2. When you MENTION the author's name in the the sentence, the year of publication is placed in parenthesis after the author's name is mentioned, and the page number is listed in parenthesis at the end of the sentence.
Fractions, decimals and percents "come up in situations involving tipping, taxes, inflation, finance, mortgages, credit cards, sales, cooking, sports, gambling, [and] measurement" (Ryan, 2002, p. 27).
According to Ryan (2002), fractions, decimals and percents "come up in situations involving tipping, taxes, inflation, finance, mortgages, credit cards, sales, cooking, sports, gambling, [and] measurement" (p. 27).
What Is a Long Quotation?
If your quotation extends to more than forty words as you're typing your essay, it is a long quotation. This can also be referred to as a block quotation.
Rules for Long Quotations
There are 4 rules that apply to long quotations that are different from regular quotations:
Example of a Long Quotation
At the end of Lord of the Flies the boys are struck with the realization of their behaviour:
The tears began to flow and sobs shook him. He gave himself up to them now for the first time on the island; great, shuddering spasms of grief that seemed to wrench his whole body. His voice rose under the black smoke before the burning wreckage of the island; and infected by that emotion, the other little boys began to shake and sob too. (Golding, 1960, p.186)